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notable inflammaging

  • Overconfidence : Donald Moore helpfully disambiguates this into three pieces:
    • Overestimation: thinking that you're better than you are. Absolute error.
    • Overplacement: mistakenly thinking you're better than others. Rank error.
    • Overprecision: excessive faith that you know the truth. Calibration error.

    It takes a little work to distinguish them. Overplacement can come apart from overestimation if you are accurate about yourself, but think everyone is dumber than they are. You could have overprecision without overestimation by being excessively sure you're terrible. And you could be unlucky enough to overestimate without overplacing, if you correctly rank everyone else above you, but still rate yourself too highly in an absolute sense...

  • inflammaging (medical n.): general, chronic, subclinical inflammation associated with aging.

  • max fac (trade adj.): 'maximum facilitation'; of a proposed trade system avoiding border delays with technical widgets and by pre-approvals for giant exporters.

  • famulus (Latin n.): assistant or servant, esp. for a mage or scholar.

  • corporator (Hinglish n.): councillor; alderman; baillie; elected munipical official. From corporation.

  • your good name (Hinglish honorific n.): [politely] your name. Compare the old honorific "my good sir". Merely abandoned by Brits rather than concocted by Indians.

  • peri-menopause (medical n.): period of decreasing oestrogen, around your 40s.

  • andon (Japanese n.): visual aid that highlights where action is required.

  • to skiptrace (US v.): to track down where someone (the "skip") is. See also skiptracer; Probable address model.

  • magnet school (US n.): A school which specialises in some field. Named because they draw kids particularly good at the thing from outside the normal catchment area. Get away with being very selective.

  • computer appliance (n.): computer used for only one thing. Maybe with locked firmware, embedded OS, hardware isolation...

  • software appliance (n.): application which includes a small OS so it can be deployed simply, as a unit.

  • B-Corporation (US n.): a corporation with social benefit as one of its legally inscribed goals. Almost certainly not measured properly. See also Social enterprise; social purpose company; community interest company.

  • Stanford School (philosophy n.): set of philosophers who once taught at Stanford and argue for methodological pluralism: e.g. Cartwright, Dupré, Hacking. See also Stanford Disunity Mafia, because they say science is not one thing.

  • imperial beard (applied trichology n.):
    See also friendly mutton chops.

  • glass cannon (gaming n.): a character who deals a lot of damage but is vulnerable, easy to kill.

  • dual-shooter (tech n.): a phone with two camera lenses on it, typically a wide-angle and a telephoto.

  • to solo stan (internet v.): to only like one member of a (pop) band ("in blackpink i solo stan jisoo").

  • sundowning (US adj.): to become confused at night, as part of dementia; (pej.) of someone exhibiting early symptons of dementia.

  • SOTA (adj.): State of the Art

  • metic, μέτοικος (Ancient Greek n.): foreigner; second-class citizen without franchise. Métèque is a (reclaimed) slur in modern French.

  • liability shift (e-commerce n.): doing something (e.g. extra verification) that moves a fraud burden onto someone else. i.e. Outrunning your friend, not the bear.

  • Metric (n.): "A number that you care about."

  • Objective (n.): "A metric that your algorithm is trying to optimize."

  • mix shift (statistics n.): a difference in the amount of data across compared groups. Basis for Simpson’s paradox. Common result of slicing.

  • Software brittleness (n.): difficulty of altering old software; tendency for said programs to fail badly in response to small changes in input.

  • AI-complete (adj.): as hard as creating an artificial general intelligence. e.g. Solving ethics.

  • human-assisted Turing machine (CS n.): sounds like a punchline but refers to a really interesting part of complexity theory involving assistant programs and people doing things together.

  • eccedentesiast (arch. n.): someone who is always smiling insincerely